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Diabetes Meal Plan

Diabetes

Diabetes means high level of glucose in the blood and low level of insulin to carry it. Diabetes can be cured by doing regular exercises, yoga and slightly changes in your diet. A healthy diet means healthy you. It is important to understand how daily diet routine affects you.

Understand Calorie Intake Per Day

Diabetes patient should measures their calories intake for managing diabetes. According to (NIH), patient with diabetes should take  following calorie in their regular diet:

Calories Intake for Physically Active Women

About 1200 to 1600 calories a day for small size women and 2000 to 2400 calories per day for medium or large size women who are physically active.

Calories Intake for Physically Inactive Women

About 1200 to 1600 calories a day for small or medium sized women and 1600 to 2000 calories per day for large size women who are not physically active.

Calories Intake for Physically Active Men

About 2000 to 2400 calories a day for large or medium size men who are physically active.

Calories Intake for Physically Inactive Men

About 1600 to 2000 calories a day for small or medium size men who aren’t physically active.

Food To Control Diabetes

Food is important source of our energy but our diet routine can aggravate our disease if we don’t understand our daily diet routine. There are three energy provided macro-nutrients for our body such as carbohydrates, fats and protein. Let’s understand how our daily diet routine can affect diabetes.

Carbohydrates

Food that we eat, contains carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the best source of energy in our body as they are converted into glucose after we take our food. Body stores extra glucose or sugar in our liver for next time requirement of our cells, tissues and organ.

Although carbohydrates are important for our body, not in diabetes. Diabetic patients are specially advised for not to eat carbohydrates in regular diet instead of fibers. Some carbohydrates are high in fibers and others are high in sugars or glucose. In diabetes, carbohydrate sources like fruits, vegetables, green vegetables are preferred over fats, and glucose contains carbohydrates.

Fats

As carbohydrates, food contains fats also. Fat is crucial nutrient for body functions. Fats are of different types, some are good and some are bad for our life.

Fat is high in calories and increase our body weight which is not suitable for diabetic patients. Diabetic patients can take fats in their diet but it depend upon that how much calories you are taking and also, types of fats you are consuming.

fats

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“Good” Fats

Mono and polyunsaturated fats are good. They use in moderation and liquid at room temperature such as olive oil, sunflower oil, peanut oil, nuts ,avocados and omega-3 fats.

“Bad” Fats

Saturated fats, unsaturated fats, hydrogenated fats and trans fats are bad and should be taken in limited quantity. Bad fat examples are animals fats, coconut oils, meat, cream, butter, lard, chicken, processed foods etc.

Controlling weight in Diabetes is important consideration while fats are rich in calories so prefer to take low fats food in diabetes.

Protein

Proteins are essential nutrients for our body, provide energy to our body and also building blocks of body tissue and cells. There are many vegetarian and non vegetarian sources form where we can get essential proteins for cell’s growth and maintenance.

Protein diet good for Diabetic Patient?

There are lots of controversies regarding the protein intake during diabetes but it is observed in some studies that high protein diet can help type II diabetes patients to control blood sugar but not sure yet. High protein diet can increase the risk of heart diseases and cancers but can be helpful to reduce weight as less carbohydrate intake. Protein intake depends upon how much you are consuming per day.

Recommended Protein Intake/ Age

A recommended standards are set by UK Food Agency:

  • 1 to 3 years: 15g
  • 4 to 6 years: 20g
  • 7 to 10 years: 28g
  • 11 to 14 years: 42g
  • 15 to 18 years: 55g
  • 19 to 50 years: 55g
  • Over 50 years: 53g
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2 Comments

    • Thanks for your comment, any suggestion or any specific topic which you want to have in place.

      Thanks
      LifeZeep Team.

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