Nipah Virus\r\nNipah virus means NiV is a newly born disease or infection that has been derived from a member of the family\u00a0Paramyxoviridae, genus Henipavirus which is an RNA\u00a0virus.\u00a0 It is the zoonosis which is transmitting from human to animal or animal to human. Henipavirus is an RNA virus whose natural host is fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus. Nipah virus is initially identified or isolated between 1998-1999 in Malaysia and Singapore during disease outbreaks among pig farmers and those who were in close contact with pigs. In Malaysia, there is a village named Sungai Nipah suggested its name because\u00a0people with illness reported there firstly so of given name Nipah virus. A data according to CDC (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention), during 1999 outbreaks nearly about 300 human cases with over 100 deaths were inscribed. A further thing needed to be done by euthanized the\u00a0pigs which caused a swift trade loss for Malaysia. But after this\u00a0euthanization, no further cases of death were reported in that city.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nIn Bangladesh in 2004, again cases\u00a0were reported of infection with Nipah virus while people were consuming date palm according to WHO report. Now human to human transmission has been spreading all over the world and in 2018 hitting the door in India.\r\n\r\nCommunication\r\nThe communication of this infection may occur due to direct contact with fruits infected with fruit bats, contact with fruit bats, infected pigs, and infected\u00a0persons. It is apparent that this infection first spread from bats to pigs and then human.\u00a0 No person-to-person transmission was reported according to CDC. But from a Nipah virus infected person-to-person is possible.\r\n\r\nDiagnosis for Nipah Virus\r\nDiagnosis can be done by certain methods like:\r\n\r\nPatient with clinical history of Nipah virus.\r\nIsolation of virus by Using the polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from nasal swabs, throat, urine, and blood in the early stages of the disease.\r\nELISA, later antibody detection test.\r\nIn lethal cases, tissues may be collected during autopsy to perform immunohistochemistry.\u00a0\r\nSign and Symptoms of Nipah Virus\r\nSign and symptoms are as follows:\r\n\r\nA headache, fever, mental confusion, drowsiness, and disorientation.\r\nEncephalitis means inflammation in the brain.\r\nPersistent convulsions and personality changes.\r\nComa within 24-48 hrs., as the disease progresses.\r\nNervous illness and also can be death ultimately.\r\nRisk factors for Nipah Virus\r\n\r\n\r\nClose contact with illness infected person as a human to human\u00a0transmission has been documented.\r\nContact with infected bats and pigs.\r\nConsumption of raw date palm sap infected with bats.\r\nTreatment\r\n\r\nThere is no conclusive treatment or vaccine for either human and animal according to WHO. The primary care for this virus or infection is only supportive care although\u00a0the drug ribavirin has been used for this illness in vitro and shown to be effective.\u00a0 Still, the use of this drug is uncertain.\r\n\r\nHow to be safe\r\nPrevention is always better than cure so of\u00a0protecting yourself to get indulge into illness by :\r\n\r\nAvoiding direct exposure to pigs and bats.\r\nAvoid raw date palm sap especially, if the disease or illness is spreading.\r\nAwareness about the particular disease and sign or symptoms.\r\nAccording to CDC,\u00a0 a vaccine using Hendra G protein has been used to protect the horses against Hendra virus in Australia offering great potential for human against henipavirus.