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Thyroid Goiter and it’s Types

Thyroid goiter is a disorder, occurs with the accumulation of thyroid around the neck in form of mass. This causes thyroid gland to become enlarge in size and forms Goiter.

The accumulated mass compresses the windpipe and swallowing tube and causes the leading symptoms such as coughing, problem in breathing during walking time and also a feeling that food is stuck in upper throat.

Types of Goiter

There are three types of Goiter depend upon different causes.

Toxic Goiter

It is a type of toxic nodule and contains one or more nodules to becomes enlarge. Toxic Goiter is also known as multi nodular Goiter. In starting, it is simple Goiter which get convert into toxic one.


Non toxic Goiter or Sporadic doesn’t affect the production of thyroid hormones and occurs with unknown causes. It is noted that some of medications can increase the symptoms of non toxic Goiter.

Lithium is considered as cause of non toxic Goiter, where lithium is used for mood disorder in bipolar disorder.

Colloid Goiter (Endemic)

This type of Goiter occurs due to lack of iodine or iodine deficiency.

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