Thyroid Problems\r\nThyroid problems are linked with the thyroid gland. This gland is one of endocrine gland works to maintain proper use of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is like a butterfly shape and present in front of the neck below the thyroid cartilage. The thyroid gland produces the thyroid hormones which regulate the metabolic processes of our body. Goiter which is well known, caused by enlargement of the thyroid gland and lead to the chances of life-threatening cancer.\r\n\r\nFast Facts About Thyroid Problems\r\nThe thyroid problems is a disorder of the thyroid gland influenced by thyroid gland induced hormones. Thyroid hormones regulate the metabolic processes of our body.\u00a0\r\n\r\nThere are two types of the thyroid: Hypothyroidism (Less thyroid hormone) and Hyperthyroidism (high production of thyroid\u00a0hormone).\u00a0\r\n\r\nThere are mainly three types of hormones play an important role in thyroid problems know as T3, T4 and TSH(Thyroid-stimulating hormones).\u00a0\r\n\r\nThyroid stimulation hormone (TSH), Non-protein-bound thyroxine\u00a0or T4 and Anti-thyroid autoantibodies.\u00a0The symptoms of thyroid problems depend upon variations of thyroid types:\r\n\r\nHypothyroidism (Insufficient thyroid hormone)\r\nHyperthyroidism (Too much thyroid hormone)\r\nStructural abnormality or Goiter (Enlargement of the thyroid gland)\r\nTumors ( May be benign or cancerous)\r\nCauses of Thyroid Problems\r\nThere are different types of thyroid problems present in medical health. Hypothyroidism is caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormones. It is an autoimmune disease and develops in a person with an inflammatory disorder known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis.\u00a0\u00a0A long-term use of thyroid medications or the use of radiation on thyroid problems, after sometimes a condition, can occur and increases the chances of hypothyroidism.\u00a0Hyperthyroidism is another condition which means the overproduction and high leveled thyroid hormones, many factors are responsible for the overproduction of thyroid hormones like Graves' disease. This is called auto-immune condition and expands the overactive\u00a0thyroid gland which causes thyroid problems or symptoms.\r\n\r\nSign and Symptoms of Thyroid Problems\r\nFatigue\r\nConstipation\r\nPoor growth in children\r\nTooth delaying in children\r\nAnxiety, Depression\r\nWeight gain or weight loss\r\nDry skin and hair loss\r\nMenstrual Delay or irregular\r\nMuscle and joint pain\r\nFluid retention\r\nCold temperature unbearable\r\nHoarse voice\r\nExcessive sweating\r\nOsteoporosis in adults\r\nArtificial fibrillation in adults\r\nShortness of breath in heart problem if any\r\nSupportive Tips for Thyroid Problems Cure\r\nLifestyle changes\r\nRegular check up or test\r\nYoga and Exercises\r\nDiet supplements\r\nHerbal remedies\r\nTreatments for Thyroid Problems\r\nFor Hyperthyroidism:\r\nHyperthyroidism requires treatments which reduce the amount of thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone productions can be reduced in three ways:\u00a0\r\n\r\nANTITHYROID MEDICATION\r\nMedications are always helpful as they reduce the amount of thyroid hormone or decrease its release from the thyroid gland. Permanent medications are not required for hyperthyroidism because the long period medications can increase the symptom of hypothyroidism.\r\n\r\nSynthetic thyroid hormone is given in pill form and symptoms start to disappear in about six to eight week.\u00a0If symptoms don't improve, radioactive iodine therapy is the next solution for hyperthyroidism.\r\n\r\nRADIOACTIVE IODINE THERAPY\r\nIn this therapy, a small amount or amount depends upon the severity of disease is given. Radioactive iodine is present in oral pill form. Given dose enters in our body and absorbed by thyroid cells that causes less exposure to other cells of our body. This therapy is helpful to destroy the enlargement of the thyroid gland and this therapy is given for its second dose after six months if symptoms do not improve. In some cases, if patients do not feel benefit from a second dose, they may require surgery.\r\n\r\nSURGERY FOR THYROID PROBLEMS\r\nSurgery is recommended for those who are:\r\n\r\nRisk of thyroid cancer or cancerous nodules\r\nSymptoms of Goiter or large Goiter\r\nEnlargement of the thyroid gland\r\nIf gland producing thyroid hormone in large quantities\r\nTYPES OF SURGERY PERFORMED\r\nRemoval of:\r\n\r\nFull thyroid gland (Thyroidectomy)\r\nHalf of the thyroid gland (Lobectomy or Hemithyroidectomy)\r\nCenter part of the thyroid gland (near-total Thyroidectomy)\r\nAll over thyroid gland except a little tissue on one side (Isthmusectomy)\r\nWomen who are pregnant and have thyroid problems or symptoms can go with surgery as they can not take medications.\r\n\r\nFor Hypothyroidism\r\nHypothyroidism can require long-term therapy with the use of both hormones. Both T3 and T4 hormones are used to treat the condition of hypothyroidism. T4 is a treatment which is widely used as compared to T3 because of short-acting duration. T3 is shorter acting as compared to T4 which is naturally converted into T3 in the bloodstream. T3 is not steady and requires multiple times a day.