Gestational Diabetes\r\nGestational diabetes only occurs during pregnancy. If you have gestational diabetes, you have a risk to develop type II diabetes. In gestational diabetes the level of glucose in the blood increases which is normal when you are not pregnant. Gestational diabetes affects 3-9% of pregnancies and is especially common during the last three months of pregnancy. After pregnancy, 90% gestational diabetes resolves, but 1 % can be caused by type II diabetes.\u00a0But don\u2019t worry if you have gestational diabetes you can still have a healthy baby with accurate guidance from your doctors.\r\n\r\nTypes of Gestational Diabetes\r\n\r\nThere are two subtypes of gestational diabetes:\r\n\r\nType A1:\r\nIn type A1, an oral glucose tolerance test is abnormal that is OGTT, but glucose level is normal when fasting or two hrs after meals.\r\n\r\nControl\r\nDietary changes alone are enough.\r\n\r\nType A2:\r\nIn type A2, an abnormal oral glucose tolerance test that is OGTT and abnormal glucose level during fasting and two hrs after the meal.\r\n\r\nControl\r\nOral medications and subcutaneous insulin\r\n\r\nCauses of Gestational Diabetes\r\nDuring pregnancy, many changes such as hormonal changes take place within the body of pregnant women and they increase the body weight.\u00a0When you eat, foods contain carbohydrates convert into a sugar called glucose. Glucose goes into the bloodstream and then used by your body\u2019s cells for energy purpose.\u00a0Insulin act as a transporter and helps glucose to move from the blood to the body\u2019s cells. But when insulin does not work, glucose level increases in your body which causes diabetes.\u00a0During pregnancy, the placenta attaches to the baby and supplies nutrients, blood and oxygen. Certain harmonic changes make insulin resistance or pancreas produces less insulin for glucose uptake.\u00a0As the level of glucose higher-gestational diabetes occurs.\r\n\r\nRisk Factors for Gestational Diabetes\r\nGestational diabetes affects 3-9% of pregnancies. It is important to know about the risk factors of gestational diabetes. If you have certain risk factors, you can have this problem:\r\n\r\nAge\r\nAge 35 or more.\r\n\r\nOverweight\r\nIf you were overweight before pregnancy.\r\n\r\nRace\r\nIf you are Asian, African, Hispanic or Native American.\r\n\r\nPrediabetes\r\nIf you had prediabetes before pregnancy\r\n\r\nFirst Delivery\r\nIf you have given birth to a large baby whose weight is greater than 9.5 pounds. Second delivery can be affected by diabetes.\r\n\r\nFamily History\r\nIf your parent sister or brother have diabetes.\r\n\r\nPast Effect\r\nIf you had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy.\r\n\r\nPCOS\r\nIf women have PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome).\r\n\r\nComplications\r\nHigh blood pressure or other medical complications\r\n\r\nBed rest\r\nSome researches have shown that on bed rest you will be inactive, and weight will increase due to glucose accumulations in the body.\r\n\r\nSymptoms of Gestational Diabetes\r\nAlthough there are no symptoms, only blood sugar test helps to diagnose diabetes during pregnancy yet some of experience few of them:\r\n\r\nExcessive thirst\r\nFrequent urination\r\nFatigue, dizziness\r\nBlurred vision\r\nDiagnosis of\u00a0Gestational Diabetes\r\nSometimes symptoms are very few or even impossible to identify whether you have GD or not. At your first prenatal visit, if a doctor finds one of the above-given risk factors, your doctor may test for diabetes.\r\n\r\nGlucose Tolerance Test\r\nGlucose tolerance test is also known as glucose screening test. In this test firstly, you will take a sugary drink (you don\u2019t need fasting).\r\n\r\nAfter one hrs., a blood sample is taken from your body to check the higher level of glucose in the blood. If your blood glucose is below 140 mg/dL considered normal that you have no diabetes but still, you are at higher risk of developing it.\r\n\r\nYou may have followed up visit later to make sure that you are free from GD.\r\n\r\nBut if your glucose level is too higher-140 or more, you may need to another test known as an oral glucose tolerance test.\r\n\r\nOral Glucose Tolerance Test\r\nOral glucose tolerance test means fasting. You will be on overnight fasting or 8 hrs. fasting to perform this test. After overnight fasting, the blood sample is taken and then a sugary drink is given to you which contains glucose. After one hrs. for three hrs., again blood is taken from your body. If two of reading is higher than normal, you\u2019ll be Gestational diabetes.\r\n\r\nComplications during pregnancy\r\nDuring gestational diabetes, some of the complications can occur:\r\n\r\nLow blood glucose of baby after delivery\r\nNeural tube defects\r\nA higher birth weight of a baby\r\nHeart problem in the baby\r\nCongenital abnormalities\r\nRespiratory distress\r\nParental iron deficiency\r\nPrevention\r\nGD cannot be preventable but controlling your weight, taking good nutrition diet and lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of developing type II diabetes.\r\n\r\nTreatment\r\nJust doing lifestyle changes, you can make your treatment easier. And if your lifestyle changes are not improving your health, you can take medications with the help of your doctors.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nMonitoring your blood sugar level four to five time a day.\r\nEating healthy and fewer carbohydrates containing diet.\r\nRegular exercise for increasing the sensitivity of insulin.\r\nIncludes high fiber foods in your diet.\r\nDon\u2019t skip your food because it can fluctuate your glucose level\r\nIf diet and exercise are not enough then take medicines for GD.