Insulin and Pancreas
Insulin and Pancreas help us to understand Diabetes. The pancreas contains beta cells which release an amount of insulin for glucose and they all help in the cellular mechanism of our body. Diabetes is a problem which defines about your pancreas(how it works) and insulin secretion. Once we understand about these, it is either easy to better understand about diabetes.
What is Insulin?
Insulin is a protein-based peptide hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreatic islets that control the amount of sugar in the blood and act as the energy source in our body.
Function of Insulin
Cellular metabolism: the pancreas produces insulin for glucose because glucose is required by cells for energy production. When insulin secrets from the pancreas, glucose absorbed by cells for cellular metabolism. Without cellular metabolism, the individual would die.
Insulin also acts on the digestive system. Insulin allows liver, muscle and fat cells to store glucose in form of storage until it is later needed for cellular metabolism. The liver makes less glucose and other glucose stores in form of glycogen known as glycogen storage which is used by later to maintain the balance of glucose into the blood. Neither high glucose into the blood nor will be less glucose.
It is detailed that insulin makes use of glucose which is absorbed by the cell. But, do you think what will, if insulin does not make use of glucose…body’s a cell will start using fat as an energy source and level of unused glucose will increase into the blood. The extreme level of glucose into blood causes ketone body production which is known as diabetic ketoacidosis (dry mouth, nausea, vomiting etc.)
What is the Pancreas?
The pancreas is a large gland organ located behind the stomach and releases hormone into the digestive system. It is 6-8 inches long and produces a pancreatic enzyme to aid digestion. Unhealthy pancreas causes diabetes and cancer.
How Insulin and Pancreas Work
Through the biochemical process, carbohydrates which we take from food get converted into a small molecule of glucose in the blood. The pancreas has beta cells which form insulin when high sugar or glucose increase into the blood. Insulin takes these high sugar or glucose to use as energy or to store as fat so that, level of sugar level to go back down.