Thyroid problems are linked with the thyroid gland. This gland is one of endocrine gland works to maintain proper use of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is like a butterfly shape and present in front of the neck below the thyroid cartilage. The thyroid gland produces the thyroid hormones which regulate the metabolic processes of our body. Goiter which is well known, caused by enlargement of the thyroid gland and lead to the chances of life-threatening cancer.
Fast Facts About Thyroid Problems
The thyroid problems is a disorder of the thyroid gland influenced by thyroid gland induced hormones. Thyroid hormones regulate the metabolic processes of our body.
There are two types of the thyroid: Hypothyroidism (Less thyroid hormone) and Hyperthyroidism (high production of thyroid hormone).
There are mainly three types of hormones play an important role in thyroid problems know as T3, T4 and TSH(Thyroid-stimulating hormones).
Thyroid stimulation hormone (TSH), Non-protein-bound thyroxine or T4 and Anti-thyroid autoantibodies. The symptoms of thyroid problems depend upon variations of thyroid types:
- Hypothyroidism (Insufficient thyroid hormone)
- Hyperthyroidism (Too much thyroid hormone)
- Structural abnormality or Goiter (Enlargement of the thyroid gland)
- Tumors ( May be benign or cancerous)
Causes of Thyroid Problems
There are different types of thyroid problems present in medical health. Hypothyroidism is caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormones. It is an autoimmune disease and develops in a person with an inflammatory disorder known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. A long-term use of thyroid medications or the use of radiation on thyroid problems, after sometimes a condition, can occur and increases the chances of hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is another condition which means the overproduction and high leveled thyroid hormones, many factors are responsible for the overproduction of thyroid hormones like Graves’ disease. This is called auto-immune condition and expands the overactive thyroid gland which causes thyroid problems or symptoms.
Sign and Symptoms of Thyroid Problems
- Poor growth in children
- Tooth delaying in children
- Anxiety, Depression
- Weight gain or weight loss
- Dry skin and hair loss
- Menstrual Delay or irregular
- Muscle and joint pain
- Fluid retention
- Cold temperature unbearable
- Hoarse voice
- Excessive sweating
- Osteoporosis in adults
- Artificial fibrillation in adults
- Shortness of breath in heart problem if any
Supportive Tips for Thyroid Problems Cure
- Lifestyle changes
- Regular check up or test
- Yoga and Exercises
- Diet supplements
- Herbal remedies
Treatments for Thyroid Problems
Hyperthyroidism requires treatments which reduce the amount of thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone productions can be reduced in three ways:
Medications are always helpful as they reduce the amount of thyroid hormone or decrease its release from the thyroid gland. Permanent medications are not required for hyperthyroidism because the long period medications can increase the symptom of hypothyroidism.
Synthetic thyroid hormone is given in pill form and symptoms start to disappear in about six to eight week. If symptoms don’t improve, radioactive iodine therapy is the next solution for hyperthyroidism.
Radioactive iodine therapy
In this therapy, a small amount or amount depends upon the severity of disease is given. Radioactive iodine is present in oral pill form. Given dose enters in our body and absorbed by thyroid cells that causes less exposure to other cells of our body. This therapy is helpful to destroy the enlargement of the thyroid gland and this therapy is given for its second dose after six months if symptoms do not improve. In some cases, if patients do not feel benefit from a second dose, they may require surgery.
Surgery for thyroid problems
Surgery is recommended for those who are:
- Risk of thyroid cancer or cancerous nodules
- Symptoms of Goiter or large Goiter
- Enlargement of the thyroid gland
- If gland producing thyroid hormone in large quantities
Types of surgery performed
- Full thyroid gland (Thyroidectomy)
- Half of the thyroid gland (Lobectomy or Hemithyroidectomy)
- Center part of the thyroid gland (near-total Thyroidectomy)
- All over thyroid gland except a little tissue on one side (Isthmusectomy)
Women who are pregnant and have thyroid problems or symptoms can go with surgery as they can not take medications.
Hypothyroidism can require long-term therapy with the use of both hormones. Both T3 and T4 hormones are used to treat the condition of hypothyroidism. T4 is a treatment which is widely used as compared to T3 because of short-acting duration. T3 is shorter acting as compared to T4 which is naturally converted into T3 in the bloodstream. T3 is not steady and requires multiple times a day.