Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which is caused by lack of insulin uptake of glucose. There are different types of diabetes present in which some are prevalent in nature or some are not nevertheless included in types of diabetes for awareness.
Different Types of Diabetes
- Most common form in children
- A chronic condition in which pancreas produces little or no insulin
- Most common form in adult
- Insulin resistance
- Blood sugar is high but not high enough to be type II diabetes.
Neonatal Type of Diabetes:
- It is a rare form of the disease.
- Children under 6 months of age are affected so-called neonatal diabetes.
- Caused by a genetic mutation.
- It is treatable and can be treated with insulin or not.
- Pregnant women who have diabetes know as gestational diabetes.
- It is temporary but can Increase the risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child.
- Not related to blood sugar or glucose
- Excessive urination is a symptom caused by an antidiuretic hormone called vasopressin.
Diabetes LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adult):
- A form of type I diabetes that can occur in adult
- Sometimes known as type 1.5 diabetes.
- Known as latent autoimmune diabetes.
- A person who have type I and prediabetes, but treatment is not helping much, may have LADA
Diabetes MODY (Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young):
- Different from both type I and type II diabetes
- Cause by the mutation in a single gene
- A child can have 50% of chances of this diabetes if a parent has mutated gene present.
- It occurs when insulin resistance happens in type I diabetes which is a key feature of type II diabetes.
- Mostly occurs in those persons who have both types I and type II diabetes.
Type III Diabetes:
- Type III diabetes is a type of Alzheimer’s disease.
- It occurs when insulin resistance happens in the brain.
- The person who has suffered from type II diabetes might have an increased chance of type III diabetes.
- A rare genetic disorder affects the persons who are type II diabetic and have “insulin resistance”.
- Caused by mutation in the ALMS1 gene.
- It is multiorgan diseases that affect many parts of our body.
- Eye problem, hearing loss, photophobia, heart problem, and obesity are some features of Alstrom syndrome.
Cystic Fibrosis Related Diabetes:
- A genetic mutation in the CFTR gene.
- Often treated with insulin.
- 40-50% of adults have cystic fibrosis developing diabetes.
- It is the subtype of type I diabetes.
- Rare, not serious.
- Also called Brittle diabetes in which a person who has type I diabetes and hard to control type I diabetes.
- Many swings between high and low glucose, causing hyper and hypoglycemia.
Drug-Related Type of Diabetes:
- Some of the drugs have the side effect to induce diabetes.
- Beta blockers, corticosteroids, thiazide diuretics and antipsychotic are some drugs who also cause diabetes.
Steroid-Induced Type of Diabetes:
- Diabetes which is caused by steroid used drugs is known as steroid-induced diabetes. For example corticosteroids.
- A very rare genetic disorder which is caused by a mutation in the WFS1 gene. Also known as DIDMORD.